Does a Longer Commuting Time Increase the Probability of Being Victim of Urban Violence? The Evidence from Brazilian Metropolitan Regions

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October 2015
Paper author(s): 
Klebson Moura
Raul Silveira Neto
Conflict, Crime and Violence

Empirical evidence about the influence of exposure to public spaces on victimization strongly support the routine activities theory but, maybe reflecting the difficult of available data, specific evidence about the influence of the commuting on probability of victimization is not abundant. In this paper, we analyze this relationship using a large nationally representative cross-section sample of Brazilian individuals for 2009, using propensity score matching techniques to create counterfactuals and performing robustness checks and implementing a simulation-based sensitivity analysis that support a causal interpretation of the results. We find that individuals with more than one hour of commuting have an overall 2.1% increase in the probability of being victim of robbery, with no robust impact on theft. Also, following the exposure literature we find larger effect on the probability of robbery victimization on women when compared with men, 2.5% and 2.2% respectively.


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