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Blog: Cómo impulsar a los ciudadanos para que paguen sus impuestos y mejorar el suministro de bienes públicos

Carlos Scartascini
October 5, 2022

América Latina y el Caribe ha hecho frente a varias crisis consecutivas, desde la pandemia de la COVID-19 hasta la invasión rusa a Ucrania, dichas crisis han debilitado la capacidad de los países para proporcionar a sus ciudadanos bienes y servicios y han puesto de manifiesto la necesidad de aumentar las tasas de recaudación de impuestos. Con presupuestos limitados y un gasto de capital escaso, la región no puede tolerar tasas de evasión fiscal de los ingresos personales y empresariales, que en muchos países ascienden al 50%. Además, en una región ya de por sí tan desigual, la evasión fiscal tiende a aumentar la desigualdad.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of October 4, 2022


Blog: Una mirada integral a la situación de la primera infancia en Ecuador

Julieth Parra Hincapie, Marta Rubio-Codina, Betzabé Tello, María Fernanda Rivadeneira, Paul Guerrero y Leandro Chalela
October 3, 2022

La última Encuesta de Salud y Nutrición de Ecuador, la ENSANUT 2018, incluyó por primera vez un módulo para medir el desarrollo infantil a escala nacional. Esto es un gran hito para el país porque ofrece una necesaria mirada holística de la situación de la niñez que permite orientar la formulación de intervenciones para promover el bienestar infantil integral.


Blog: ¿Qué tanto pueden ayudar los sistemas de salud en mitigar el rol de la pobreza como determinante en la detección y manejo de enfermedades no transmisibles?

María Fernanda García, Philipp Hessel y Paul Rodríguez Lesmes
September 30, 2022

Between 1988 and 2012, the rate of obesity among Mexican women increased from 10% to 30%. At the same time, Mexico entered a period of greater economic liberalization by signing the NAFTA trade pact with the United States and Canada. According to the economists Osea Giuntella, Matthias Rieger, and Lorenzo Rotunno, the arrival of American products onto the Mexican market accounts for up to 20% of the increase in obesity among Mexican women.


Blog: Has the United States Exported Its Obesity Rate to Mexico?

Claire Lapique and Lorenzo Rotunno
September 28, 2022

Between 1988 and 2012, the rate of obesity among Mexican women increased from 10% to 30%. At the same time, Mexico entered a period of greater economic liberalization by signing the NAFTA trade pact with the United States and Canada. According to the economists Osea Giuntella, Matthias Rieger, and Lorenzo Rotunno, the arrival of American products onto the Mexican market accounts for up to 20% of the increase in obesity among Mexican women.


Working papers: Latest Research

New entries as of September 27, 2022


Blog: Firms Learn from Their Supply Chain to Forecast Inflation

Elias Albagli, Francesco Grigoli and Emiliano Luttini
September 26, 2022

Leveraging a unique dataset on Chilean firms merging expectation surveys and records from the VAT and customs registries, this column documents that firms’ aggregate inflation expectations depend on the prices at which firms purchase inputs from their suppliers. These findings reject the full-information rational-expectations hypothesis and are consistent with facts associated with information rigidity. Estimates of a firm-level Phillips’ curve suggest that firms' aggregate inflation expectations fully pass-through to sales prices. We argue that this channel has the potential to lead to dispersion of inflation expectations, price dispersion, and weaken the expectation channel of policies.


Blog: Non-resident Holdings in Latin America: Permanent or Transitory Factors?

Lorenzo Menna and Martín Tobal
September 23, 2022

The Covid-19 pandemic was the quintessential global event, as it had adverse sanitary and economic effects worldwide. However, the pandemic has not affected every world region to the same extent. Latin America has been particularly hard-hit. Despite representing only 8% of the world’s population, it accounted for 16% of global cases and 29% of diseases in 2020 and 2021. In the economic arena, distinctive characteristics made Latin America more vulnerable to the pandemic shock.

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