Life Out of the Shadows: Impacts of Amnesties in the Lives of Migrants

Produced by: 
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Available from: 
January 2022
Paper author(s): 
Ana María Ibáñez
Andrés Moya
María Adelaida Ortega
Sandra V. Rozo
Maria José Urbina
Demographic Economics - Migration

This paper examines the effects of a government regularization program offered to half a million Venezuelan refugees in Colombia. For this purpose, 2,232 surveys of refugee families were collected and used to compare refugees who arrived in Colombia around a specified eligibility date in 2018. We find that program beneficiaries experienced improvements in consumption (60 percent), income (31 percent), physical and mental health (1.8 sd), registration rates in the system that assesses vulnerability and awards public transfers (40 pp), and financial services (64.3 pp), relative to other refugees. The program also induced a change in labor formalization of 10 pp.


Research section: 
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