Does Birthplace Diversity Affect Economic Complexity? Cross-country Evidence

Produced by: 
Harvard University
Available from: 
March 2020
Paper author(s): 
Dany Bahar
Hillel Rapoport
Riccardo Turati
Demographic Economics - Migration
Poverty - Inequality - Aid Effectiveness

We empirically investigate the relationship between a country’s economic complexity and the diversity in the birthplaces of its immigrants. Our cross-country analysis suggests that countries with higher birthplace diversity by one standard deviation are more economically complex by 0.1 to 0.18 standard deviations above the mean. This holds particularly for diversity among highly educated migrants and for countries at intermediate levels of economic complexity. We address endogeneity concerns by instrumenting diversity through predicted stocks from a pseudo-gravity model as well as from a standard shift-share approach. Finally, we provide evidence suggesting that birthplace diversity boosts economic complexity by increasing the diversification of the host country’s export basket.


Research section: 
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