Joana Silva is a Senior Economist at the Office of the Chief Economist for Latin America and the Caribbean of the World Bank. She has expertise in labor economics, international trade, economics of education, poverty and inequality, firm productivity and policy evaluation. She has led several World Bank lending operations and has extensive experience advising governments, in particular on the design and implementation of economic reforms, social programs and monitoring and evaluation systems. Her research has been published in academic journals, including the American Economic Review, Journal of International Economics, Economics Letters and Review of World Economics. She is author of four books "Wage Inequality in Latin America: Understanding the Past to Prepare for the Future", “Sustaining Employment and Wage Gains in Brazil: a Skills and Jobs Agenda”, “Inclusion and Resilience: The Way Forward for Social Safety Nets in the Middle East and North Africa” and “Striving for Better Jobs: The Challenge of Informality in the Middle East and North Africa”. She is currently leading a regional research on labor market adjustment in Latin America and a number of evaluations of social programs in the region. Before joining the Bank she has worked for the Globalization and Economic Policy Research Center and taught at the University of Nottingham. She holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Nottingham.